Prof. Sibghatullah Al-Mojaddedi was born in the year 1926 A.D. in one of the
most prestigious and religious families of Afghanistan known as the “Mojaddedi”
Following high school education at Habibia High School, the young Mojaddedi
entered Al-Azhar University in Cairo where he completed college and post
graduate degrees, with honours in Islamic Law and Jurisprudence. Following his
return to Afghanistan in 1952, he taught at Kabul University as well as the
Higher Institutes of Arabic studies and Teachers’ Training. Being aware of the
need to train the younger generation of Muslims, he also extensively lectured at
various high schools in Kabul.
As the only aware personality who effectively countered communist activities
in the country by enlightening the youth, awakening the intelligentsia and
warning the government, the communist elements and their supporters hatched a
conspiracy against Prof. Al-Mojaddedi. Thus in 1959, he was imprisoned, without
trial, spending over four and a half years in prison cells under the harshest
circumstances. He was denied exposure to sunlight for a complete year and
remained in solitary confinement for three years. He was also accused of
campaigning against the planned visit of Soviet Premier Khoruschev to
Afghanistan, which was to take place at the time his arrest. Nevertheless he
continued his struggle against communist influence even under the severe
conditions of the prison.
In 1972, in his capacity as the most effective and best-recognised religious
and scholarly personality of Afghanistan, Prof. Al-Mojaddedi established the
movement of Jamiat-e-Ulamae Mohammadi. This movement played a decisive role in
awakening the various sectors of the Afghan society all over the country,
against communists, their conspiracies and foreign backing.
In 1973, while Prof. Mojaddedi was attending a multinational Islamic
conference outside the country, the communist dominated military coup of Mr.
Daoud Khan took place in Afghanistan. After spending a year in Saudi Arabia, he
proceeded to Denmark where he established the Islamic Cultural Centre of
Scandinavia in Copenhagen, several smaller centres of Islamic learning in
different parts of Denmark and another Islamic Centre in Oslo, Norway.
Following the bloody communist coup of April 1978, Prof. Al-Mojaddedi, in
consultation with prominent Afghan religious and political figures laid the
foundation of a common front for resistance, the Afghan National Liberation
Front (Jabhai Milli Nejate Afghanistan) and was the first to call the Afghan
nation to Jehad in the face of the Soviet aided communist take over of
Afghanistan, by announcing a general resistance through-out the country on 13th
During the years of the resistance to the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan,
Prof. Al-Mojaddedi made considerable efforts and immensely contributed towards
unity of Mujahideen.
The Grand Consultative Council convened by the Afghan Mujahideen parties in
Rawalpindi, Pakistan, elected Prof. Al-Mojaddedi as the President of the Islamic
Interim Government of Afghanistan (famously known as the AIG) on 23rd February
1989. The election of Prof. Al-Mojaddedi in this gathering of over 450 delegates
representing a cross-section of the population was a testimony of his popularity
and extensive support base in the Mujahid nation of Afghanistan.
Prof. Mojaddedi remained President of AIG for over three years until the
Mujahideen leaders reposed their confidence in him under the historic Accord of
24th April 1992 for implementing the transfer of power from the defeated
communist regime to the Mujahideen Islamic government. Prof. Al-Mojaddedi took
office as the first President of the Islamic State of Afghanistan in Kabul at a
very critical and risky juncture of the Afghan history. His short tenure is
recognised as one of the most successful and memorable periods of contemporary
Afghan history, whereby the nation celebrated a glorious victory of independence
and start of a new era.
By adhering to his commitments, Prof. Al-Mojaddedi transferred power at the
expiry of his two months presidential tenure to the Leadership Council of
Afghanistan on 28th June 1992 in an extremely smooth and peaceful manner, not
witnessed in recent times. But unfortunately the concept of a truly Islamic
government that could ensure peace, security, stability and prosperity failed to
materialise under Prof. Burhanuddin Rabbani.
Throughout the internal fighting, first between the various Mujahideen groups
and subsequently between the Northern Alliance and the Taliban, Prof. Mojaddedi
endeavoured, as an active mediator, to convince the warring factions and their
foreign supporters to abandon armed conflict and initiate meaningful
negotiations. Firmly believing that the war for power could not be justified, he
established the Association for Peace and National Unity of Afghanistan in
January 1990 for unifying the voice of the majority of the Afghan people who
were totally against the power struggle. He actively participated in various
Afghan peace initiatives, including the Cyprus and Rome Processes. While
extending his wise and valuable guidance, he maintained that meaningful
cooperation and coordination between the various peace initiatives is imperative
for reaching a just solution to the Afghan conflict.
Prof. Al-Mojaddedi could not remain silent in the face of the blatant foreign
interferences in the affairs of his country and thus advised the leaders of some
neighbouring countries to refrain from indulging in this dangerous and unfair
In view of the larger national interest and despite the unbalanced
composition of the Bonn meeting and serious drawbacks in its proceedings, Prof.
Al-Mojaddedi supported its outcome which brought Mr. Hamid Karzai as Chairman of
the Afghan Interim Authority that took over power in Kabul on 22nd December
The Emergency Loya Jirga of June 2002 that elected Mr. Hamid Karzai President
of the Islamic Transitional Government of Afghanistan was an effort in the right
direction but certainly had its serious shortcomings. Despite his reservations,
Prof. Mojaddedi participated in this gathering and backed its results with a
view to support the institution of Loya Jirga as a forum through which the true
representatives of the nation can participate in the country’s political
With convening of the Constitutional Loya Jirga in January 2004, the Afghan
nation was provided with a long awaited opportunity to freely choose the type of
political system it deemed fit for the country. Once again the remarkable
personality of Prof. Mojaddedi came to light, as he was elected Chairman of the
Loya Jirga by a strong majority vote.
Prof. Al-Mojaddedi’s effective influence played in positively not only in
maintaining calm and order in the proceedings of the Grand Assembly but also in
finding common ground and reaching agreement through a thoughtful blend of
logical argumentation and compromise.
The approval of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan by
consensus under the capable leadership of Prof. Mojaddedi is a remarkable
achievement which lays down, God willing, the foundation of an independent,
prosperous, stable and moderate Islamic Afghanistan.
Prof Al-Mojaddedi strongly supports efforts aimed at reviving and
strengthening state institutions, such as the Parliament and the National Army,
whereby representatives of the people could have a direct say in affairs of the
state through the Legislature and the Afghans could address their security and
defence concerns in an effective manner. This would in turn pave the way for the
early withdrawal of foreign forces including ISAF and US-led coalition troops,
the prolonged stay of which on Afghan soil would certainly entail negative
Prof. Mojaddedi hopes that the international community would continue
supporting Afghanistan and that the elected Afghan government as well as
non-governmental organisations would be able to work efficiently, transparently
and sincerely for the speedy reconstruction of this devastated country.