Mir Mahmud was the son of Mir Wais Hotaki. After gaining control of power at home, he
invaded Safavid Persia in 1722, and soon marched on its capital, Esfahan. Afterwards, the
Persian King Shah Husayn surrendered and abdicated his crown. After his death in 1725,
he was succeeded by his cousin Ashraf, who would later lose Persia to Nadir Qoli Beg.