Shah Shuja was the son of Timur Shah, and in 1803 captured Kabul, imprisoned his rival,
and proclaimed himself King. His rule lasted only until 1810, he then fled Kabul
and eventually headed for India, and lived in exile for about 30 years.
However, in 1839, in alliance with the British, invaded
Afghanistan (first Anglo-Afghan war). The British placed him on the throne,
but he was soon assassinated.