Environmental Facts and
Issues Concerning Afghanistan

Today, mostly as a result of the last 30 years of political chaos and conflict, Afghanistan is in a state of severe environmental crisis. Even though some improvements and regulatory advances have been made after the fall of the Taliban such as the creation of the National Environmental Agency (NEPA) in 2005, and the passing of Afghanistan's first Environmental Law in 2007, a lot more needs to be done. The major environmental issues today for Afghanistan are soil degradation, air and water pollution, deforestation at an alarming rate, overgrazing, desertification, and over population in its already fragile urban areas. There are also very limited, unequally distributed, and poorly managed natural fresh water resources in Afghanistan.

Environmental Topics

International Agreements

  • Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection.
  • Signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation 

by Abdullah Qazi / September 21, 2008
Section last updated January 6, 2011

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