Chronological History of Afghanistan

Part II (652 - 1747)

652 AD

  • Arabs introduce Islam

962-1030

  • Islamic era established with the Ghaznavid Dynasty (962-1140)
  • Afghanistan becomes the center of Islamic power and civilization.

1030-- 

  • Mahmud Ghazni dies.
  • Conflicts between various Ghaznavid rulers arise and as a result the empire starts to crumple.

1140--

  • Ghorid leaders from central Afghanistan capture and burn Ghazni, then move on to conquer India.

1219-1221 --

  • Invasion of Afghanistan by Genghis Khan
  • Destruction of Irrigation systems by Genghis Khan, which turned fertile soil into permanent deserts.

1273

  • Marco Polo crossed Afghan Turkistan

1332-1370

  • Descendants of earlier Ghorid rulers reassert control over Afghanistan.

1370-1404

  • The rule of Timour-i-Lang (Tamerlane)

1451--

  • An Afghan named Buhlul invades Delhi, and seizes the throne. He finds the Lodi dynasty.

1504-1519

  • Babur, founder of the Moghul dynasty takes control of Kabul

1520-1579

  • Bayazid Roshan (Afghan intellectual) revolts against the power of the Moghul government. Roshan was killed in a battle with the Moghuls in 1579--but his struggle for independence continued.

1613-1689

  • Khushhal Khan Khattak (Afghan warrior-poet) initiates a national uprising against the foreign Moghul government.

1708

  • Mir Wais (forerunner of Afghan independence) makes Kandahar independent of Safavid Persia that had ruled it since 1622.

1715--

  • Mir Wais dies peacefully, and lies in a mausoleum outside of Kandahar.

1722--

  • Mir Wais' son, Mir Mahmud, invades Persia and occupies Isfahan. At the same time, the Durranis revolt, and terminate the Persian occupation of Herat.

1725--

  • (April 25)--Mir Mahmud is mysteriously killed after going mad.
  • Afghans start to lose control of Persia.

1736--

  • Nadir Shah (head of Persia) occupies southwest Afghanistan, and southeast Persia.

1738--

  • Nadir Shah takes Kandahar.

1747--

  • Nadir Shah is assassinated, and the Afghans rise once again. Afghans, under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Abdali retake Kandahar, and establish modern Afghanistan.

AQ/1997

-----------------------------

web hosting
GNLD Neolife: Best vitamins for All
GNLD Neolife products
GNLD, Neolife
Melaleuca Products
Islamic Clothing