Updated by: Abdullah Qazi, 2001
Mahmud Ghazni was a powerful and wise ruler. During his reign he extended the Ghaznawid empire from the Tigris to the Ganges River and from the Indian Ocean to the Amu Darya. His capital was the city of Ghazni, and Mahmud helped make it the greatest cultural center in the world at that time. He cultivated scientific and literary advancement, and filled his court with all sorts of scholars, poets, and scientists.
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