Protected Species

Afghanistan’s National Environmental
Protection Agency (NEPA) Protected Species List


  • Snow leopard (Panthera uncia)
  • Gray wolf (Canis lupus)
  • Asiatic brown bear (Ursus arctos)
  • Paghman salamander (Paradactylodon mustersi),
  • Goitered gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa),
  • Saker falcon (Falco cherrug),
  • Markhor (Capra falconeri),
  • Himalayan elm tree (Ulmus wallichiana)
  • East Himalayan fir (Abies spectabilis)
  • Large-billed reed warbler
  • Eastern barbastelle (Barbastella leucomela)
  • Bactrian deer (Cervus elaphus bactrianus)
  • Indian gazelle (Gazella bennetti)
  • Striped hyena (Hyaena hyaena)
  • Stone marten (Martes foina)
  • Mehely’s horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus mehelyi)
  • Blanford’s fox (Vulpes cana)
  • Large-billed reed warbler (Acrocephalus orinus)
  • Eastern imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca)
  • Pallas’ fish eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus)
  • White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis)
  • Marbled teal (Marmaronetta angustirostris)
  • Dalmation pelican (Pelecanus crispus)
  • Sociable lapwing (Vanellus gregarious)
  • Marco Polo sheep (Ovis ammon polii)

The species on this list are protected against illegal hunting or harvest. NEPA, with help from the Wildlife Conservation Society, Kabul University, and the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, created the Afghanistan Wildlife Executive Committee (AWEC) to facilitate the listing process. NEPA’s job includes managing these protected species by writing up recovery plans for the threatened species. They re-evaluate the species every five years to see if the populations have recovered to the point where they can be removed from the protected species list.

Extinct Wildlife in Afghanistan

  • Asiatic cheetah (became extinct in the 1950s)
  • Caspian tiger (became extinct in the 1970s)
  • Asiatic lion (extinction date unknown)
Page last updated by Abdullah Qaiz on March 22, 2018